Scientific Name:Monarda didyma
About this Herb:This aromatic herb is native to eastern North America, from Maine and west to Ohio and as far south as northern Georgia. A hardy perennial, Bergamot grows to heights of 2 to 5 feet with scarlet-red tubular flowers in terminal tufts atop a square stem. Large, oval, dark green leaves line the stems and have a minty aroma.
Common Names:American Bee Balm, Beebalm, Crimson Beebalm, Gold Melissa, Indian Nettle, Oswego Tea, Red Bergamot, Scarlet Monarda, Scarlet Beebalm
Uses:Plaster of leaves used for headaches and colds. An infusion of leaves and plant tops used for diarrhea, stomach ailments and some heart problems. Tea made from leaves are used to ease the symptoms of colds, sore throats, fevers, colic, flatulence, diuretic, to calm the nerves and allow for a restful sleep. Poultice made from the leaves, stems and flowers used to treat skin infections, minor wounds, rashes and bruises. For a higher quality tea pick leaves of the stems, roll them together and cut them into small pieces. Place cut up leaves in a small saucepan and add 2 cups of water, bring to boil and lower heat. Allow to simmer until reduced to 1 cup. Drink as hot as is tolerable.
Applications:Tea: Drink 1 cup as needed.
Plaster: Make poultice and smear on cloth while hot. Cover with another cloth and place on forehead for headache and sinus problems or chest for respiratory congestion.
Poultice: Apply to afflicted area.